Apparently he scared some listeners so much that they forgot to really listen, preferring to bring instead a grab-bag of adjectives that they could apply to most prominent composers of the period: "cerebral," "soulless," and their Roget equivalents. For me, Berio depended less on "intellectual" manipulations than many, especially his compatriot Luigi Nono. Indeed, his music showed a reliance, sometimes an over-reliance, on intuition and the feelings of the moment. I remember a story once told me by a composition professor with a masters in math who had gotten a grant to work at the Princeton computer-music project. This was in the days before synthesizers and PC-sequencers indeed, PCs , when computers took up large rooms, programs were typed on punch cards or teletype machines, and a composer had to specify all the components of a single note, including wave forms and overtones.
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Apparently he scared some listeners so much that they forgot to really listen, preferring to bring instead a grab-bag of adjectives that they could apply to most prominent composers of the period: "cerebral," "soulless," and their Roget equivalents. For me, Berio depended less on "intellectual" manipulations than many, especially his compatriot Luigi Nono.
Indeed, his music showed a reliance, sometimes an over-reliance, on intuition and the feelings of the moment. I remember a story once told me by a composition professor with a masters in math who had gotten a grant to work at the Princeton computer-music project. This was in the days before synthesizers and PC-sequencers indeed, PCs , when computers took up large rooms, programs were typed on punch cards or teletype machines, and a composer had to specify all the components of a single note, including wave forms and overtones.
The professor worked four months of very full days to produce two minutes worth of music. Berio blew in one day and began to twirl dials and push cables into jacks. According to the prof, Berio got nothing usable, perhaps overtones only bats could hear.
From the early Folk Songs through the Sinfonia and the Serenade to his final works, Berio always struck me as a lyrical composer, concerned about the long musical line, even though his "melodies" were hardly conventional or even, in many cases, hummable. The fourteen Sequenzas, mainly for solo melody instruments, run throughout the last forty years of his career. This is the second recording of the complete series, although it lacks the verses the composer wanted recited before each item for everything, see Mode , which also features performances by some of the dedicatees.
Because most of these pieces belong to single-line instruments like oboe and flute, we get some very interesting takes on how a musical line functions. The great model is, of course, Bach, who not only crafted ingenious watchworks for violin, cello, and flute but also made danceable, delightful music. The solo genre bristles with traps, which Bach seems never to have had to consider, all the while never falling in, so "natural" is the music.
Even great composers founder in solo works. Nevertheless, they kept my interest, at any rate. Typically, I grabbed on at the very beginning and held on as the composer took me to surprising places. They cover a wide emotional range and often contain great humor. Predictable, these things are not. Highlights of the set begin with the first track, in which the solo flute darts, flits, and hovers like a hummingbird.
The coolly meditative second Sequenza for harp gets to the soul of the instrument. It always struck me as a catalogue of virtuoso vocal technique — not surprising, since the composer wrote it for his ex-wife, Cathy Berberian, who could sing anything and sometimes did — rather than something expressive.
Number four turns the piano into a chamber ensemble, with its juxtapositions of planes of music — high, medium, and low registers — and a frenetic energy reminiscent of a Charlie Parker solo. The fifth, for trombone, does the same with a melody instrument, making a polyphonic composition from a monophonic one. Like Sequenza III, the trombonist trots out tricks and timbres, new and old, to help the illusion, but here the virtuoso writing works.
The character and conceits of each one differ. The music becomes predominantly linear as it progresses. It suffers from its length, however, taking far too long to establish its point. The Sequenza for violin takes off from Bach, specifically the celebrated chaconne from the second partita. Bach inspires Berio to the top of his game. This is probably the finest item in the Sequenzas. The Sequenza for cello, the last of the set, while not up to that level very few pieces are , nevertheless delights, as the player gets to recreate the music of the Indian subcontinent, especially the sitar and the tabla.
This willingness to take in diverse musical traditions and styles also shows up in Sequenza XIII for accordion. Subtitled "chanson," the piece takes on the character of a nocturne, a melancholy turn by the Seine at night perhaps. A beautiful, poetic work, it nevertheless explores new sounds and textures from an instrument so often the butt of jokes. I should mention the items that never have worked for me, chief among them the Sequenzas IX and X, for trumpet and pianoresonance and for guitar.
I perceive absolutely no logic to the guitar piece, after years of listening. It remains a mess and no fooling, one of those works where Berio seems to simply be piling on measures. The trumpet piece first of all goes on way too long. We get 17 minutes of long haul, making this the longest of the Sequenzas. I give up caring abo! What seemed bland becomes playful and smoky. This recording amounts to a largely-Canadian affair. The engineering is first-rate, the performers spectacular.
Soprano Tony Arnold knocked me over with a voice of unbelievable flexibility, on a par with Cathy Berberian herself, as she turned herself practically into an electronic tape from the Sixties. Dynamically and color-wise, she switches on a dime. Hail Naxos for committing to a wide range of music, especially largely unfamiliar, "hard" music, in addition to the more immediately-accessible.
You can get the Sequenzas from other labels, but this set yields nothing in performance quality and costs a lot less. All Rights Reserved.
Having studied abroad with Dallapiccola at Tanglewood, he became involved with composers such as Boulez, Stockhausen, Ligeti and Kagel. He taught extensively at Harvard, Tanglewood and Julliard, giving highly regarded lectures on music and composing. His interest in electronics led him to take up an important position at IRCAM and he latterly founded his own research centre for new music, the Tempo Reale, back in Italy. These fourteen pieces for various solo instruments are among the most often performed contemporary solo pieces of in the world. A central theme in all the Sequenzas is that of virtuosity, evident not only in the technical difficulties presented, but also in the treatment and writing style for the instruments. Sequenza IXb for alto saxophone is developed from two pitch sets which are manipulated and deftly interwoven throughout the piece.
BERIO SEQUENZA IX PDF