Harpsichord — Methods — Early teansilvano to From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Notes Introductory chapters in English. In these year he dedicated the first part of his treatise Il Trnasilvano to Sigismund Bathoryprince of Transylvania. Series Bibliotheca organologica ; v. This page was last edited on 30 Decemberat His nephew Agostino Diruta c. Other Authors Bradshaw, Murray C.
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Biography[ edit ] Diruta was born in Deruta in c. He became a friar minor conventual in the convent Perugia in ; later, from to , he was in the convent of Correggio.
Around he moved to Venice , where he met Claudio Merulo , Gioseffo Zarlino and Costanzo Porta who was also a friar minor conventual , and he probably studied with each of them.
Merulo mentioned Diruta in a prefatory letter to the Transilvano , as one of his finest students. From until he was organist at the Gubbio cathedral. He returned in Venice at the Frari convent, where he was organist from until By he was organist at Chioggia cathedral. In these year he dedicated the first part of his treatise Il Transilvano to Sigismund Bathory , prince of Transylvania.
Later he returned to live in Umbria. He was again organist at the Gubbio cathedral from to He died in Deruta in or His nephew Agostino Diruta c. It is one of the first practical discussions of organ technique which differentiates organ technique from keyboard technique on other instruments.
His fingerings largely follow the usual ones of his times: for example, his fingering for a C major scale never includes the thumb, and crosses the middle finger over the ring finger: his work is one of the earliest attempts in Italy to establish consistency in keyboard fingering.
As a contrapuntist, Diruta anticipates Fux in describing the different " species " of counterpoint: note against note, two notes against one, suspensions , four notes against one, and so forth. Unlike Fux, he defines a less-rigorous kind of counterpoint that was adequate for improvisation; for example it neither requires contrary motion nor prohibits successive perfect consonances.
It describes contemporary keyboard practice well, as can be observed from the contemporary toccatas and canzonas of composers such as Merulo. Diruta included many of his own compositions in Il Transilvano, and they are mostly didactic in nature, showing different kinds of figuration, and presenting different kinds of performance problems. These four toccate are among the earliest examples of the etude.
New York, Dover Publications, Stanley Sadie. London, Macmillan Publishers Ltd.
IL TRANSILVANO PDF
Il Transilvano (Diruta, Girolamo)