Manufacture, possession, or sale of a controlled substance is a crime that can result in a lengthy prison term and significant fines. StatementStatementStatementStatementStatement ofofofofof Purpose:Purpose:Purpose:Purpose:Purpose: This journal is a clearinghouse for current data about the use of visionary plants and drugs. Think of it as a community of subscrib- ers seeking and sharing information on the cultivation, extraction, and ritual use of entheogens. The mailing list kept encrypted is not for sale, rent, or loan to anyone for any reason. Submissions:Submissions:Submissions:Submissions:Submissions: Your input is what keeps this journal alive.
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Salvia divinorum Herba de Maria Entheogens have played a pivotal role in the spiritual practices of most American cultures for millennia. The first American entheogen to be subject to scientific analysis was the peyote cactus Lophophora williamsii. For his part, one of the founders of modern ethno-botany, the late- Richard Evans Schultes of Harvard University documented the ritual use of peyote cactus among the Kiowa , who live in what became Oklahoma.
While it was used traditionally by many cultures of what is now Mexico , in the 19th century its use spread throughout North America , replacing the toxic mescal bean Calia secundiflora. Datura wrightii is sacred to some Native Americans and has been used in ceremonies and rites of passage by Chumash, Tongva, and others.
Among the Chumash, when a boy was 8 years old, his mother would give him a preparation of momoy to drink. This supposed spiritual challenge should help the boy develop the spiritual wellbeing that is required to become a man. Not all of the boys undergoing this ritual survived.
For instance, during a frightening situation, such as when seeing a coyote walk like a man, a leaf of momoy was sucked to help keep the soul in the body. Asia[ edit ] The indigenous peoples of Siberia from whom the term shaman was borrowed have used Amanita muscaria as an entheogen. In Hinduism , Datura stramonium and cannabis have been used in religious ceremonies, although the religious use of datura is not very common, as the primary alkaloids are strong deliriants , which causes serious intoxication with unpredictable effects.
Also, the ancient drink Soma , mentioned often in the Vedas , appears to be consistent with the effects of an entheogen. In his book, Wasson argues that Soma was Amanita muscaria. The active ingredient of Soma is presumed by some to be ephedrine , an alkaloid with stimulant properties derived from the soma plant, identified as Ephedra pachyclada.
However, there are also arguments to suggest that Soma could have also been Syrian rue , cannabis , Atropa belladonna , or some combination of any of the above plants. Its religious uses in the Aegean world are bound up with the mythology of the bee. Dacians were known to use cannabis in their religious and important life ceremonies, proven by discoveries of large clay pots with burnt cannabis seeds in ancient tombs and religious shrines.
Also, local oral folklore and myths tell of ancient priests that dreamed with gods and walked in the smoke. Their names, as transmitted by Herodotus , were " kap-no-batai " which in Dacian was supposed to mean "the ones that walk in the clouds".
The growth of Roman Christianity also saw the end of the two-thousand-year-old tradition of the Eleusinian Mysteries , the initiation ceremony for the cult of Demeter and Persephone involving the use of a drug known as kykeon.
A theory that natural occurring gases like ethylene used by inhalation may have played a role in divinatory ceremonies at Delphi in Classical Greece received popular press attention in the early s, yet has not been conclusively proven. A plant that the Australian Aboriginals used to ingest is called Pitcheri, which is said to have a similar effect to that of coca. Pitcheri was made from the bark of the shrub Duboisia myoporoides.
This plant is now grown commercially and is processed to manufacture an eye medication. Historically, most Polynesian , many Melanesian , and some Micronesian cultures have ingested the psychoactive pulverized root, typically taking it mixed with water. In these traditions, taking kava is believed to facilitate contact with the spirits of the dead, especially relatives and ancestors.
In this double-blind experiment, volunteer graduate school divinity students from the Boston area almost all claimed to have had profound religious experiences subsequent to the ingestion of pure psilocybin. In , a more rigorously controlled experiment was conducted at Johns Hopkins University , and yielded similar results. However, this exemption would apply only if the peyote cactus were ever explicitly added to the Schedules of the Psychotropic Convention.
Currently the Convention applies only to chemicals. The Commentary on the Convention on Psychotropic Substances notes, however, that the plants containing it are not subject to international control:  The cultivation of plants from which psychotropic substances are obtained is not controlled by the Vienna Convention.
Neither the crown fruit, mescal button of the Peyote cactus nor the roots of the plant Mimosa hostilis nor Psilocybe mushrooms themselves are included in Schedule 1, but only their respective principals, mescaline , DMT , and psilocin. No plants natural materials containing DMT are at present controlled under the Convention on Psychotropic Substances. Consequently, preparations e.
The Entheogen Review - Complete (1992-2008)
Salvia divinorum Herba de Maria Entheogens have played a pivotal role in the spiritual practices of most American cultures for millennia. The first American entheogen to be subject to scientific analysis was the peyote cactus Lophophora williamsii. For his part, one of the founders of modern ethno-botany, the late- Richard Evans Schultes of Harvard University documented the ritual use of peyote cactus among the Kiowa , who live in what became Oklahoma. While it was used traditionally by many cultures of what is now Mexico , in the 19th century its use spread throughout North America , replacing the toxic mescal bean Calia secundiflora.
The Entheogen Review׃ Vol. 16, No. 1 (2008)
Akizil We receive letters and e-mail daily from people who have gotten great value out of the Sacred Mirrors and have questions about where they could be visited. Check date values in: Retrieved 1 April Good mescaline visions came through the lady who did the Crowley Tarot deck. Who are some modern artists that incorporate the use of visionary plants and drugs into their work that you feel are worth keeping an eye out for? The Entheogen Review — Complete The life and art vision they invested in reflected their state of consciousness, the sense of an empty package, and usually totally bereft of spiritual or visionary qualities. The question of whether visionary plants were used in pre-Theodosius Christianity is distinct from evidence that indicates the extent to which visionary plants were utilized or forgotten in later Christianity, including heretical or quasi- Christian groups,  and the question of other groups such as elites or laity within orthodox Catholic practice.