In the first months as a "plebe", he received numerous demerits for rule infractions and then got into serious trouble for failing to report rule breaking by cadets he supervised. He was also accused of going on a drinking binge and failing to admit it, and was asked by the Honor Committee to resign. He refused and was "silenced" — that is, shunned, by fellow cadets. He was acquitted by a court-martial, but the silencing continued, as well as the onslaught of demerits for small rule infractions. Walsh , head of the Senate Naval Affairs Committee, who investigated personally. The Honor Committee quietly revised its position and announced that it would abide by the court-martial verdict.
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In the first months as a "plebe", he received numerous demerits for rule infractions and then got into serious trouble for failing to report rule breaking by cadets he supervised. He was also accused of going on a drinking binge and failing to admit it, and was asked by the Honor Committee to resign. He refused and was "silenced" — that is, shunned, by fellow cadets. He was acquitted by a court-martial, but the silencing continued, as well as the onslaught of demerits for small rule infractions.
Walsh , head of the Senate Naval Affairs Committee, who investigated personally. The Honor Committee quietly revised its position and announced that it would abide by the court-martial verdict. Leary then resigned and was honorably discharged by the Army.
Leary was expelled a year later for spending a night in the female dormitory and lost his student deferment in the midst of World War II. He remained in the non-commissioned officer track while enrolled in the psychology subsection of the Army Specialized Training Program , including three months of study at Georgetown University and six months at Ohio State University.
He completed his degree via correspondence courses and graduated in August, After receiving his undergraduate degree, Leary pursued an academic career. In , he received a M.
His M. A son, Jack, arrived two years later. In , Leary received a Ph. The new Ph. According to Berkeley colleague Marv Freedman, "Something had been stirred in him in terms of breaking out of being another cog in society Marianne eventually committed suicide in , leaving him to raise their son and daughter alone.
Leary and his children relocated to Europe where he attempted to write his next book while subsisting on small grants and insurance policies. In late he started as a lecturer in clinical psychology at Harvard University at the behest of Frank Barron a colleague from Berkeley and David McClelland. Leary and his children lived in nearby Newton, Massachusetts. He oversaw the Harvard Psilocybin Project and conducted experiments in conjunction with assistant professor Richard Alpert.
In , Leary was terminated for failing to attend scheduled class lectures,  though he maintained that he had met his teaching obligations.
The decision to dismiss him may have been influenced by his promotion of psychedelic drug use among Harvard students and faculty. The drugs were legal at the time. Introduction to psychedelic mushrooms[ edit ] On May 13, , Life magazine published an article by R. Gordon Wasson about the use of psilocybin mushrooms in religious rites of the indigenous Mazatec people of Mexico.
In August ,  Leary traveled to Cuernavaca , Mexico with Russo and consumed psilocybin mushrooms for the first time, an experience that drastically altered the course of his life. The goal was to analyze the effects of psilocybin on human subjects first prisoners, and later Andover Newton Theological Seminary students from a synthesized version of the drug which was legal at the time , one of two active compounds found in a wide variety of hallucinogenic mushrooms, including Psilocybe mexicana.
He experimented in treating alcoholism and reforming criminals , and many of his subjects said they had profound mystical and spiritual experiences which permanently improved their lives. Thirty-six prisoners were reported to have repented and sworn off criminality after being guided through the psychedelic experience by Leary and his associates.
The experimenters concluded that long-term reduction in criminal recidivism could be effected with a combination of psilocybin-assisted group psychotherapy inside the prison along with a comprehensive post-release follow-up support program modeled on Alcoholics Anonymous.
The Concord conclusions were contested in a follow-up study on the basis of time differences monitoring the study group vs. The researchers concluded that statistically only a slight improvement could be attributed to psilocybin in contrast to the significant improvement reported by Leary and his colleagues. Doblin further accused Leary of lacking "a higher standard" or "highest ethical standards in order to regain the trust of regulators". Ralph Metzner rebuked Doblin for these assertions: "In my opinion, the existing accepted standards of honesty and truthfulness are perfectly adequate.
We have those standards, not to curry favor with regulators, but because it is the agreement within the scientific community that observations should be reported accurately and completely. There is no proof in any of this re-analysis that Leary unethically manipulated his data. To satisfy the curiosity of those who were turned away, a black market for psychedelics sprang up near the Harvard campus. Leary and Alpert also went against policy by giving psychedelics to undergraduate students, and did not select participants through random sampling.
It was also problematic that the researchers sometimes took hallucinogens along with the subjects they were supposed to be studying. These concerns were printed in The Harvard Crimson leading the university to halt the experiments.
The Massachusetts Department of Public Health launched an investigation that was later dropped, but the university eventually fired Leary and Alpert. According to Andrew Weil , Leary was fired for missing scheduled lectures, while Alpert was dismissed for allegedly giving psilocybin to an undergraduate in an off-campus apartment. In they gave Leary and his associates access to a rambling room mansion on an estate in Millbrook, New York , where they continued their psychedelic sessions.
On this space colony we were attempting to create a new paganism and a new dedication to life as art. Gordon Liddy. In it, they wrote: A psychedelic experience is a journey to new realms of consciousness. The scope and content of the experience is limitless, but its characteristic features are the transcendence of verbal concepts, of spacetime dimensions, and of the ego or identity. Such experiences of enlarged consciousness can occur in a variety of ways: sensory deprivation, yoga exercises, disciplined meditation, religious or aesthetic ecstasies, or spontaneously.
Most recently they have become available to anyone through the ingestion of psychedelic drugs such as LSD, psilocybin , mescaline , DMT , etc. Of course, the drug does not produce the transcendent experience. It merely acts as a chemical key — it opens the mind, frees the nervous system of its ordinary patterns and structures. Both Nena and her brother Bjorn were friends of the Hitchcocks.
Actress Uma Thurman , her second child, was born in According to him, a lesbian became heterosexual after using the drug. In response to these concerns, Senator Thomas Dodd of Connecticut convened Senate subcommittee hearings in order to try to better understand the drug-use phenomenon, eventually with the intention of "stamping out" such usage through the criminalizing of these drugs.
Leary was one of several expert witnesses called to testify at these hearings. In his testimony, Leary asserted that "the challenge of the psychedelic chemicals is not just how to control them, but how to use them. Human stupidity and ignorance is the only danger human beings face in this world.
A Manual Based on the Tibetan Sand was designated the "alchemist" of the new religion. He published a pamphlet in called Start Your Own Religion to encourage people to do so. In speaking to the group, Leary coined the famous phrase " Turn on, tune in, drop out. Turn On — find a sacrament which returns you to the temple of God, your own body. Go out of your mind. Get high. Tune In — be reborn. Drop back in to express it. Start a new sequence of behavior that reflects your vision.
Leary told author and Prankster Paul Krassner regarding a raid by Liddy, "He was a government agent entering our bedroom at midnight. We had every right to shoot him. I have never had and never will have a gun around. All the guests were on acid. The essay "The Seven Tongues of God" claimed that human brains have seven circuits producing seven levels of consciousness.
An eighth circuit was added in the pamphlet "Neurologic", written with Joanna Leary while he was in prison.
Wilson contributed to the model after befriending Leary in the early s, and used it as a framework for further exposition in his book Prometheus Rising , among other works. The second four circuits "the Stellar Circuits" or "Extra-Terrestrial Circuits" , Leary wrote, were "evolutionary offshoots" of the first four that would be triggered at transition points as humans evolve further. These circuits, according to Leary, would equip humans to live in space and expand consciousness for further scientific and social progress.
Leary suggested that some people might trigger these circuits sooner through meditation , yoga, or psychedelic drugs specific to each circuit. He suggested that the feelings of floating and uninhibited motion sometimes experienced with marijuana demonstrated the purpose of the higher four circuits.
The function of the fifth circuit was to accustom humans to life at a zero gravity environment. Even before he began working on psychedelics he was known as a theoretician rather than a data collector. His most ambitious pre-psychedelic work was Interpersonal Diagnosis Of Personality. The reviewer for The British Medical Journal wrote that Leary created a confusing and overly broad rubric for testing psychiatric conditions.
Penn State psychology researcher Jerome E. Singer reviewed the book and singled out Leary as the worst offender in a work containing "melanges of hucksterism.
They had crossed into Nuevo Laredo , Mexico in the late afternoon and discovered that they would have to wait until morning for the appropriate visa for an extended stay. They decided to cross back into Texas to spend the night, and were on the US-Mexico bridge when Rosemary remembered that she had a small amount of marijuana in her possession. It was impossible to throw it out on the bridge, so Susan put it in her underwear. He appealed the case on the basis that the Marihuana Tax Act was unconstitutional, as it required a degree of self-incrimination in blatant violation of the Fifth Amendment.
On December 26, , Leary was arrested again in Laguna Beach, California , this time for the possession of two marijuana "roaches". Leary alleged that they were planted by the arresting officer, but was convicted of the crime.
United States , declared the Marihuana Tax Act unconstitutional, and overturned his conviction. His campaign slogan was "Come together, join the party. On his arrival in prison, he was given psychological tests used to assign inmates to appropriate work details. Having designed some of these tests himself including the "Leary Interpersonal Behavior Inventory" , Leary answered them in such a way that he seemed to be a very conforming, conventional person with a great interest in forestry and gardening.
They traveled to Vienna , then Beirut , and finally ended up in Kabul , Afghanistan in ; according to Luc Sante , "Afghanistan had no extradition treaty with the United States, but this stricture did not apply to American airliners. The cousin of the King of Afghanistan came to see him and told him that it was a national holiday, that the King and the officials were out of Kabul, and that he the cousin would get a lawyer and see that Leary "had a hearing".
THIS IS YOUR GOVERNMENT ON DRUGS.
Exo-psychology Timothy Leary Archives A warning is in order. The star larvae hypothesis considers such newly coined terms superfluous. And the last of the eight circuits makes mind look in the mirror. Because neoteny extends fetal growth patterns, it will tend to enrich brain circuitry. Synesthesia is an evident area of overlap between psychedelic and juvenile modes of experience.
Info-Psychology: A Revision of Exo-Psychology
The specific problem is: section titles. Please help improve this article if you can. Please reference bibliography section for other works on labeling of each circuit. Leary The vegetative-invertebrate circuit Wilson The oral bio-survival circuit    [ edit ] This circuit is concerned with nourishment, physical safety, comfort and survival, suckling , cuddling, etc. The imprint will normally last for life unless it is re-imprinted by a powerful experience. Depending on the nature of the imprint, the organism will tend towards one of two basic attitudes: A positive imprint sets up a basic attitude of trust. The organism generally considers the environment benign and accepts and approaches.
EXO PSYCHOLOGY TIMOTHY LEARY PDF
Migrel Entertainment, earth communication, and biochemical mood and maintenance can psychloogy supplied by robotics, perhaps leading to the next symbiosis-robotic space voyagers shaped like centrioles? Astrolatry, Astrotheology and Astral Religion. How does raw mind experience the world? Sep 08, Thomas rated it it was amazing Shelves: She argues that a primate species was in the process of adapting to an aquatic environment when that path was interrupted and the partially adapted aquatic ape returned to the land, where it gave rise to humankind. Such a consciousness, arising timothj an enrichment of brain tissue, will extend the trend line of psycyology neotenyor juvenilization. Perhaps many minds can commingle in a single large array, obviating loneliness, but raising new sociopolitical issues.