The RSS also faced one of its worst crisis under Golwalkar. But he was arrested on 2 February and the RSS was banned on 4 February through a central government notification. Nearly 20, swayamsevaks were arrested across the country. On 6 August, Golwalkar was released from jail but with several conditions, including his movements being restricted to the municipal limits of Nagpur. While in jail, Golwalkar called for a satyagraha that was carried out for 45 days, from 9 December to 22 January Over 77, swayamsevaks courted arrest and were sent to prison.
|Published (Last):||15 December 2011|
|PDF File Size:||3.31 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||8.80 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
The second sarsanghchalak chief of the RSS after K. Hedgewar, Golwalkar remained the ideological guru of the Right-wing organisation for 33 years, from until his death in He took the RSS to great institutional strength after independence.
He wrote a book in on nationalism and the idea of a nation, called Bunch of Thoughts. Historian Ramachandra Guha once equated the value of Bunch of Thoughts for believers in the political ideology of Hindutva to that of the Bible for Christians, or the Quran for Muslims.
He was the only surviving son out of nine children. In , Golwalkar earned an M. He was greatly influenced by Madan Mohan Malaviya, the nationalist leader and founder of the university. He met Hedgewar in and appointed him sanghchalak at BHU. A year later, Golwalkar returned to Nagpur to secure a law degree. In a search for spirituality, he left for Sargachi in Bengal in , and spent two years in the service of Swami Akhandananda of Ramakrishna Math.
Upon his return, Hedgewar convinced him to dedicate his life to the Sangh. In , when the RSS chief passed away, Golwalkar took over as sarsanghchalak at the age of The RSS has constantly faced criticism over non-participation in the Indian freedom struggle.
However, the RSS has maintained over the years that it played its part during the struggle. Months later, Gandhi, the father of the nation, was assassinated on 30 January by Nathuram Godse, a radical Hindu nationalist who is said to have been an RSS member.
The RSS maintains that he had quit before committing the assassination. The RSS was also banned by home minister Patel. Golwalkar decided to challenge the ban on RSS with a satyagraha, launched on 9 December in Delhi. Golwalkar wrote about the glories of the motherland, or punyabhoomi, and its chief religion, Hinduism. The RSS chief wrote of Hindu society as the only one that could fulfil the grand mission of salvation of mankind.
He also wrote about the caste system, defending it by saying that it kept Hindus organised and united through centuries. Further, Golwalkar wrote about nationalism and what his idea of a nation was. He wrote that hostile elements within the country pose a far greater menace to national security than aggressors from outside.
He saw three major internal threats to India: Muslims, Christians and Communists. Further, his aversion to Muslims was such that he wrote that whatever the Hindu believed in, the Muslim wholly despised it, wrote Guha. If we carry on bhajans and car festivals rath yatras , that would irritate him. If we worship cow, he would like to eat it.
He had imbibed that hostility to the very core. And he believed that India should adopt its own culture and values.
The Hindu Rashtra encompassed enlightened nationalism and acceptance and tolerance of diversity. In March , he returned to Nagpur for the last time. He died three months later on 5 June.
But by then, Golwalkar had already established the RSS as a socio-cultural organisation with political ambitions. Subscribe to our YouTube channel. Show Full Article.
MS Golwalkar, the RSS chief who remains ‘Guruji’ to some, a ‘bigot’ to others
His family was prosperous and supported him in his studies, activities. Sadashivrao, a former clerk in the Posts and Telegraphs Department, became a teacher in the Central Provinces and ended his career as headmaster of a high school. Golwalkar was the only surviving son of nine children. Since his father was frequently transferred around the country, he attended a number of schools.
M. S. Golwalkar
The second sarsanghchalak chief of the RSS after K. Hedgewar, Golwalkar remained the ideological guru of the Right-wing organisation for 33 years, from until his death in He took the RSS to great institutional strength after independence. He wrote a book in on nationalism and the idea of a nation, called Bunch of Thoughts.
India needs to revisit M S Golwalkar’s life and teachings to realise its potential
Quotes[ edit ] Race pride at its highest has been manifested here. Germany has also shown how well nigh impossible it is for Races and cultures, having differences going to the root, to be assimilated into one united whole, a good lesson for use in Hindusthan to learn and profit by. Golwalkar, Madhav Sadashiv We, or Our Nationhood Defined. The Jews had maintained their race, religion, culture and language; and all they wanted was their natural territory to complete their Nationality. The reconstruction of the Hebrew Nation on Palestine is just an affirmation of the fact that Country, Race, Religion, Culture and Language must exist unequivocally together to form the Nation idea. Hitler is not an exception but a culmination of the year long oppression of the Jews by the Christians.